Time-travel debugger.

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Early-stage startup
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Working at Replay

More than a video. Replay lets you jump to any point in execution, add Console logs on the fly, and squash bugs as a team.

Tech stack


How engineering works at Replay

How are the teams structured?

We have a bunch of talented people working really closely together. There used to be eight people in a team and it was hard to imagine going up to 10 or 12. So we divided it into a front-end team with two people, a back-end team with four people and a runtime team with two people.

What tools do engineers use?

  • Project management: Linear
  • Communication: Discord
  • Documentation: Notion
  • Builds and Deploys: GitHub.
  • Infrastructure: Kubernetes on AWS
  • Error Tracking and Monitoring: Sentry, Honeycomb, Datadog

Can developers pick their own tools?

We are at a stage where the first 20 people are going to set the environment for the next 200. We're looking for people who are really creative and want to design that environment. So if you want to use Emacs instead of Vim then you can do that, but the more exciting thing is thinking about how to design the environment for Replay as a whole and shape it for the future.

How does the development process work? What's the process for working through bugs, features and tech debt?

To us, the most important thing is quality. We have a score called “the butter score”, which was there to say, "Hey, if it's a hundred, we're giving our users a buttery smooth experience." You can start the Replay quickly, you can interact with it well, it doesn't get in your way, it never lies to you.” We just got to the point where half of the sessions have a butter score of 90. When we started measuring this, our P50 was 30. When we get to a P50 of 100, it will be the first time that half of all sessions are buttery smooth, but we won’t stop until we get to a P90 of 100.

How does code get reviewed, merged, and deployed?

We use GitHub. We do code reviews, we trust you to do great work so we try not to get in your way, but at the same time we know that we're all solving really difficult problems and so we try to support one another as well.

What is the QA process?

We have the best automated tests. We fuzz at every single level, a standard test would be a unit test where you have very defined inputs and outputs for one component - you can go up to a functional test where you say, "Hey, I care about this piece of functionality and I'm going to test multiple systems at once." And then you have an end-to-end test where I'm going to pretend to be the user.

That's all well and good and we have all of those but the highest level of testing, in my opinion, is generative testing where you try to stress test the system and you let the computer come up with new cases that we've never thought of. So we are constantly fuzzing at the runtime level, going to random websites and recording them, at the protocol level, opening recordings and issuing thousands of requests to try automated debugging in the most strenuous way possible to discover new issues.

What are some recent examples of interesting development challenges solved by internal teams as part of building the product?

On the runtime side, one of the very interesting problems we faced was the ability to snapshot a runtime state at the C++ level so that you can write it to disk and then load it up later. It's like a save button in your browser so you can shut it down and then open your browser up exactly at that point in time, then in that space we have the ability to do lightweight forking. The snapshot persists to memory or disk and it's hundreds of megabytes; you get a new content process in under a second and it just keeps on running.

On the back end, the most interesting thing we're doing is turning compute - browser compute and NodeJS compute - into a state in S3 that we can query as a database. You're turning imperative execution into something functional and queryable later, which you do to improve performance and reduce further computation.

And then on the front end, we're building dev tools: elements, console, network monitor, debugger, and trying to do that in a functional way because we have a time travel debugger. We started with something like Chrome dev tools and Firefox dev tools, but runtimes are by nature imperative so a tool like Redux made a lot of sense. Now that we have something more functional.

How does on-call work?

We don't have a formal on-call, but we might have to bring that on in the next six months. Currently, we have Slack Connect with our top customers, and we have great observability and alerting. If there is an issue, we use Discord to start the conversation and the right people can come in.

Hiring process at Replay

How does the application process work? What are the stages and what is the timeline?

As a general rule of thumb, we believe everyone applying here is technically strong. I don't think you should apply to work with this team if you aren't excited about the future of software and making software more understandable. Everything else in the interview process is testing for fit. "How do you like to work? What are your biases and trade offs and priorities? How do you like to collaborate?" Getting to know us. I think, if we design the process right, you will have a chance to say, "Hell, no," to us. ‘cause you've got to know us just as well as we've gotten to know you.

We think that the best people aren't looking, we try to talk to them three months, six months, two years before the timing works. Some people really want to come on when the team's five people, others really want to come on when the team's 20 to 50 and some people are just happy where they are. If someone is actively looking, we can get to a decision on their timeline very quickly, even within a week, but usually it would be two to four weeks.

What is the career progression framework? How are promotions and performance reviews managed?

At this stage, the most important thing we do is equity and ownership. The first 20 will shape the next 200. So as a technical leader, you help define the technical primitives that we will build on top of. You also get to shape the technical processes for how we collaborate, plan, prioritize, diagnose issues, recruit. We don't really do titles, but we do recognize ownership in a pretty big way.

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